Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example

Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example

Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example
Assignment : Antisocial Personality Disorder
For this Assignment, as you examine the client case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat adult and older adult clients presenting symptoms of a mental health disorder.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
Evaluate clients for treatment of mental health disorders
Analyze decisions made throughout diagnosis and treatment of clients with mental health disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example
THE CASE STUDY
Antisocial Personality Disorder
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BACKGROUND
SUBJECTIVE
Rhonda is a 32-year-old Hispanic female who presents to your office for her initial appointment. When you ask what brought her to your office, she states: “I’m at the end of my rope, I don’t know what else to do.” She then bursts into tears. Rhonda explains that she has very few friends left, and everyone seems to have “abandoned” her. Rhonda explains that she goes out of her way to help other people, and to be nice to them, but this does not seem to help.
Rhonda then stands up and begins to pace around your office at times using wild hand gestures to explain the circumstances that led up to her making the appointment with you. She describes the recent breakup with her boyfriend as traumatic and explains “when we first met, he was the best guy in the world. He treated me really well. But he just became a complete monster! Even though he broke off the relationship with me, I was glad to see it end. I hate his guts!” Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Rhonda explains that her current financial situation is also precarious. She states that she recently purchased an automobile, and is not certain how she is going to pay for it. She states that she had a car that was repossessed last year at that time, and that she borrowed some money from a friend to help pay for the car; the friend later turned around and accused her of theft. “It was my friend’s fault. She told me she would loan me the money and then backed out. I only took the money because she said she would loan it to me … people just can’t go back on their word like that when other people are counting on them.”
Rhonda reports that she was “always in trouble” as a kid. She states that people were always picking on her, to which she adds: “the other kids my age were just stupid. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example. They didn’t know how to have fun.” She says “I have always been impulsive, but it’s fun. Sometimes people can be such prudes … you only go around life once, so you have to make the best of it.”
OBJECTIVE
Rhonda is currently single. She has no children. Educationally, she had completed two semesters toward her bachelor of arts degree in fine arts. Rhonda currently works as a waitress at a local restaurant. She has held this job for about 2 weeks. Prior to this, Rhonda worked as a housekeeper for a local hotel chain. She states that she was fired from this job because her coworkers were jealous of her and “planted” evidence of her stealing from hotel patrons. She was also arrested for cashing checks under an alias, for which she spent 120 days in jail. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Rhonda has a history of multiple incarcerations for offences ranging from larceny to possession of controlled substances to possession of an illegal firearm. She was also arrested several times for fighting and on at least one occasion, used a baseball bat to beat up a girl who she thought was trying to “set her up” with the police.
MENTAL STATUS EXAM
Rhonda is alert and oriented × 4 spheres. Her speech is clear, coherent, goal directed, and spontaneous. She reports her mood as “terrible!” Affect is labile and seems to change rapidly with the subject being discussed. Her eye contact is normal, but at times, she appears to stare at you. Rhonda is oriented to person, place, and time. She denies visual/auditory hallucinations, no overt paranoia or delusional thought processes noted. Rhonda denies any suicidal or homicidal ideation. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
.
Decision Point One
1. Diagnosis: Antisocial Personality Disorder
Decision Point Two
2.Refer to psychologist for psychological testing
RESULTS OF DECISION POINT TWO
– Client returns to clinic in four weeks
– The psychologist’s report indicates that a comprehensive psychological battery was performed for the purposes of diagnostic clarification. The end result suggested that Rhonda has traits of multiple personality disorders, but scores highest in antisocial personality traits, suggesting antisocial personality disorder. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
-When Rhonda returns to the office, you review the psychologist’s report with her. Rhonda seems upset, but also states “well, that’s why I am here, to get better … what do I need to do?”
Decision Point Three
3. Refer to group-based cognitive behavior therapy
Guidance to Student
Referral to a psychologist was appropriate for the purposes of diagnostic clarification. Psychological tests can help tease out the actual personality disorder that Rhonda has. In this case, Rhonda’s symptoms are most consistent with antisocial personality disorder, but as you can see, she has signs/symptoms of other personality disorders.
Of the available choices, group-based cognitive behavior therapy may be useful in treating individuals with this personality disorder, but all “improvement” in signs/symptoms should be met with great skepticism. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Dialectical behavior therapy is ineffective in people with APD.
Beginning Latuda is not appropriate, as there are currently no FDA-approved medications to treat APD. Also, prescribing medications to someone with antisocial personality disorder could lead to misuse or diversion. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
The Assignment:
.
At each Decision Point, stop to complete the following:
Decision #1: Antisocial Personality Disorder
Which Decision did you select?
o Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
o What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
o Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #1 and the results of the Decision. Why were they different?
Decision #2: Treatment Plan for Psychotherapy
o Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
o What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
o Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #2 and the results of the Decision. Why were they different?
Decision #3: Treatment Plan for Psychopharmacology
o Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
o What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
o Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #3 and the results of the decision. Why were they different?
Also include how ethical considerations might impact your treatment plan and communication with clients and their families. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Antisocial Personality Disorder essay
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a powerlessness to fit in with the social standards that customarily govern numerous parts of a person’s behavior (Sadock, Sadock & Ruiz, 2014). A person with ASPD are often called sociopathy, is a psychological condition in which a person reliably demonstrates no respect for good and bad and disregards the rights and feelings of others. Individuals with the above disorder tend to estrange, unstable, aggressive, control or treat others cruelly or with hard aloofness. They demonstrate no blame or regret for their conduct. Ms. Rhonda is a 32year old Hispanic with no children. In the scenario She presently works at local restaurant as a waitress and in college with two semesters left from graduation. She is alert and oriented × 4. She is well spoken, speech is clear, normal eye contact, goal directed, and spontaneous. She verbalized having a terrible mood. She appears to change discussed subject quickly with a labile affect. She denies any auditory or visual hallucinations, homicidal or suicidal ideation (Laureate Education, 2017a). Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
She is manipulating, exploiting impulsive, others and violated the right of others. She is also irresponsible with her work and finances. According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), there are four diagnostic criteria for ASPD: Individual with ASPD violate others rights deceitful, impulsive, irritability, aggressiveness, irresponsible, and lack remorse with an onset before 15 years. They must be 18 years old to be diagnoses with ASPD.
                                                     Differential Diagnosis
It is important to determine which started first, if the patient started abusing drugs before their antisocial behavior began may have behavior caused from the impacts of their drug addiction. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
                                                        Expected Result
Ms. Rhonda showed behavior indicative of ASPD. She is deceitful with friends. She stated that she has “always been impulsive” which she finds funny (Laureate Education, 2017a). She is consistently irresponsible (her current financial situation risky/ awful). She does not know her car note will be paid for. She stated that her last car was repossessed last year because of her friends, who promised to loan her money but later backed out. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example. She expresses that she was terminated from a job because her colleagues were envious of her and “planted” proof of her stealing from hotel patrons. She was arrested for cashing checks using fake name, for which she was imprison for 120 days (lack remorse).
Rhonda has a background of various detainments for offenses running from possession of an unlawful gun to stealing to possession of controlled substances. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example. She was arrested a few times for combating and on somewhere around one event, utilized a baseball bat to thrash a young lady who she thought was attempting to “set her up” with the police (lack remorse) (Laureate Education, 2017a).
              Difference Between Expected Result and the Achieved Result
There is no difference between the expected result and achieved result since Ms. Rhonda exhibited signs and symptoms indicative of ASPD.
                                                      Decision Point Two
                                      Refer to psychologist for psychological testing
The explanation behind this choice is because diagnosing ASPD is based on psychological evaluation. Patient will be referred to psychologist for psychological testing this will enable the psychologist to even more likely comprehend the patient and her behavior. psychological testing is a procedure of critical thinking in which the psychologist attempts and decide the main components of a patient’s mental or mental health problems, Intellectual Functioning IQ, personality, behavioral or some other component. It is additionally a procedure that aides distinguish a person strength and weakness (Laureate Education, 2017a). Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Expected Result with this Decision
There is no different between expected result and the actual result because the psychologist report shows that a thorough psychological battery was performed for the motivations behind diagnostic elucidation. The psychological report stated that although Rhonda had other qualities of multiple personality disorder. She scored highest in antisocial personality disorder test indicating that she has ASPD.
                     Difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #2
Rhonda was referred to psychologist so that she can get the best treatment need for her symptoms.  Rhonda has a lots of other personality disorder symptoms. The psychological tests will enable persuade to out the actual personality disorder that Rhonda possess. Rhonda’s indications are most predictable with reserved ASPD, however as should be obvious, she has signs/side effects of other identity issue (Laureate Education, 2017a).
                                                        Decision Point Three
                                Refer to group-based cognitive behavior therapy
Reason for Decision
There is at present no FDA-approve medication for the treatment of ASPD so prescribing medication to the patient may result to diversion or abuse. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example. Psychotherapy is effective in the treatment of ASPD. Group-based cognitive behavior has proven to be effective with ASPD.CBT uses cognitive restructuring, exposure, behavior modification, psychoeducation, and skills education.
                                            Expected Result with this Decision.
Group-based cognitive behavior has proven to be effective with ASPD. Cognitive behavioral relapse prevention theory is linked with successful correctional treatment programs (Davidson, 2008). It focuses on challenging dysfunctional beliefs and teaches the patient tactics, exercises and behavioral experiments to acquire more socially acceptable behavior. It deals with the premise that antisocial behavior is learned, motivated and strengthened within the person and within the environment factors. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example. There a few cognitive behavioral strategies can be used to acknowledge new cognitive and behavioral techniques to break the sequences of antisocial behavior (Davidson, 2008).
      Difference between Expected Result and the Achieved Result with Decision
The expected result and achieved result are the same. Ms. Rhonda returned to the clinic showing empathy, compassion, remorseful for her action and demonstrating acceptable social behavior.
                                                      Ethical Considerations
People with ASPD are responsible for an extreme amount of social discomfort, crime, and violence and pose a critical burden to society causing distress to others, to a great extent because of the violations they commit and their antisocial behavior.  Working with ASPD patients can be challenging. ASPD is a mental disorder and requires clinicians to give proper consideration and treatment nonjudgmental (De Brito & Hodgins, 2009). Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
 
                                                        References
Davidson K.M. (2008). Cognitive therapy for personality disorders: a guide for clinicians. Second Edition.  Routledge: Hove
De Brito S, Hodgins S (2009) Antisocial personality disorder. In: McMurran M, Howard R, editors. Personality, Personality Disorder and Risk of Violence: An Evidence-Based Approach. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.
Framingham, J. (2016). Types of Psychological Testing. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 23, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-psychological-testing/
Laureate Education. (2017a). A woman with personality disorder [Interactive media file] Baltimore, MD: Author.
Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. Antisocial Personality Disorder essay research case study example.

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