Nursing Competency

 Nursing Competency

The study of functional or physiologic changes in the body as a result of a disease process is called.

A) Pathology B) Pathophysiology C) Pathogenesis D) Sociopathic‚

2. Disease can be defined as a state where ________ cannot be maintained.
A) hemostasis B) homeopathic C) homeostasis D) homogeny‚

3. An excision of a very small piece of living tissue which is examined to help in the diagnosis of disease is called a(n): A) autopsy B) microscopic exam C) lesion D) biopsy

4. The term refers to the causative factors in a particular disease is:
A) etiology B) pathogenesis C) manifestations D) signs and symptoms‚

5. If the cause of a disease is unknown, which of the following terms is used?
A) iatrogenic B) idiopathic C) subclinical D) latent‚

6. Subjective indicators of a disease like pain or nausea are called:
A) symptoms B) signs C) lesions D) syndromes‚

7. Which of the following terms refers to the potential unwanted outcomes of the primary condition, such as paralysis after recovery from a stroke?
A) remissions B) complications C) sequelae D) manifestations

8. Which term refers to a decrease in the size of cells?

A) hypertrophy B) dysplasia C) metaplasia D) atrophy‚

9. The term that refers to signs of a disease increasing during the course of the disease is:
A) manifestation B) exacerbation C) remission D) syndrome‚

10. Which of the following is the most common cause of cell or tissue injury?

A) nutritional deficits B) mechanical damage such as a cut C) ischemia D) microorganisms

11. Which of the following is not true about inflammation?

A) it is a response to tissue injury B) it tries to localize and remove an injurious agent C) it can be a warning sign of a problem D) it is the same as an infection

12. Which of the following is not a classic sign of inflammation?
A) numbness B) swelling C) pain D) warmth

13. Which of the following might be a systemic sign of inflammation?
A) exudate B) swelling C) malaise D) abscess

14. The type of exudate that is characterized by being thick and yellow-green in color is:
A) serous B) purulent C) fibrinous D) hemorrhagic

15. Which of the following is not a potential complication of inflammation?
A) ulcers B) muscle spasms C) infection D) dehydration

16. Which of the following medications is not an anti-inflammatory?
A) ASA B) Acetaminophen C) NSAIDS D) glucocorticoids

17. RICE is often recommended for injury-related inflammation, especially of joints. RICE stands for:

A) rest, ice, compression, elevation B) rest, immerse, compression, elevation C) rest, ice, compression, exercise D) raise, ice, compression, exercise

18. Which of the following is the type of healing that occurs in scar formation?

A) resolution B) regeneration C) replacement D) granulation

19. Which of the following factors may delay healing?

A) advanced age B) poor nutrition C) poor blood supply D) all of the above

20. Which of the following is not a complication of scar formation?

A) increased mobility B) adhesions C) ulceration D) contracture

21. The classification of burn that affects both the epidermis and dermis and will probably have blisters is called:

A) Full-thickness B) Partial-thickness C) Deep Partial-thickness D) 1st degree ‚

22. Which of the following is not a possible effect of serious burn injury?

A) shock B) itching C) infection D) respiratory problems

23. The Rule of Nines is used to determine which of the following?

A) percentage of body surface area burned B) percentage of body surface that will need skin grafts C) percentage of body surface covered by partial-thickness burns D) none of the above

24. The term that refers to a substance on the surface of a cell that our body will attack if it does not match our own is called a(n):

A) antibody B) immunoglobulin C) complement D) antigen‚

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