Phenomenology is a significant philosophy and method of research in the human sciences, humanities, and arts, with the primary objective of describing human experience. While incorporating phenomenology into nursing is critical, many researchers struggle with methodological concerns related to the selection of a phenomenological technique.

Phenomenology is a descriptive method of knowledge acquisition that focuses on capturing the essence of human experience from the perspective of a unique individual. It is a subset of qualitative nursing research that offers an alternative perspective to the empirical sciences, which view the human mind and body as things that can be studied empirically and treated solely with physical treatments.


Phenomenology is critical for nursing research since it ensures the presence of these variables.

1. In-depth examination

Due to nursing’s engagement in the analysis of phenomena within the context of healthcare, phenomenology facilitates the finding of information and the development of essential nursing knowledge for the profession. The phenomenological approach has grown increasingly popular in nursing research studies because it incorporates data collection methods such as open-ended questions, observational cues that are applicable to nursing research practices, and procedures. Additionally, phenomenology is particularly beneficial for qualitative nurse researchers since it has the potential to be an effective vehicle for illuminating and clarifying basic challenges in the healthcare industry.

Nursing science is concerned with comprehensive therapy. Numerous nurses understand the relevance of individual experiences and work with clients to take responsibility for their health and well-being. Phenomenology, as a result of this understanding, is critical to the nursing profession because it incorporates individuals’ experiences, principles, and methods of holistic healing into daily life and clinical practice.

2. Individualized approach

Nurses typically identify with the phenomenological method because it places a premium on individual experience and they may already possess some of the required abilities, such as interviewing. One limitation is that their interviewing abilities may not be appropriate for this strategy.

The purpose of phenomenology research is to create an accurate description of a subject’s life experience. Analysis can shed light on the experience by posing questions such as “how do you feel after being diagnosed with a terminal illness or how do you feel following treatment and discharge?” Researchers that employ phenomenology in nursing gather data for analysis primarily through interviews, narratives, or observations of research participants who have encountered the subject under study.


Transcription of interviews and data analysis from multiple sources are also included in this procedure. Certain methodologies can aid in the interpretation of data by discovering important information and categorizing it into themes following an investigation of all sets. The topics represent issues that are prevalent among the participants.

3. Values experience

Phenomenology attracts an increasing number of academics because it views the individual as a whole and places a premium on experience, such as nursing practice. Nursing emphasizes empathy and sympathy for individuals by validating their experiences and assisting them in regaining control of their health. Nurses who have been trained to listen, sympathize, and establish rapport. These are important phenomenological abilities, and people with nursing experience may feel qualified to conduct the right interview in this type of research.

The two approaches to the phenomenological inquiry are as follows:

Descriptive phenomenology: a descriptive approach employs a bracketing strategy in which the researcher sets aside prior knowledge about the event under examination and approaches data without preconceived notions in order to maintain objectivity. To maintain neutrality, researchers that employ descriptive phenomenology should clarify the criteria for bracketing preconception. This may even entail completing a literature search.

Interpretative phenomenology asserts that it is difficult to cleanse the mind of prejudices and approaches anything objectively. It makes use of personal experiences to understand those of others or to establish research topics. They may be required to demonstrate how their experiences influenced their selection of a study topic, research questions, and interpretations. They may even include an appendix outlining the findings they anticipate.

4. The phenomenological dilemma in nursing research Today, phenomenology is widely used because it aids in the comprehension of human phenomena pertinent to nursing practice. Nurse researchers, on the other hand, do not conform to accepted phenomenological norms. The majority of these difficulties stem from the fact that researchers must clearly state the purpose of their investigations, their designs, and their strategy for data collecting and analysis. They are expected to communicate their findings in an expressive and vivid manner.

The influence of phenomenology on nursing research is contingent upon the researcher’s capacity to comprehend its philosophy, fundamental beliefs, and assumptions.

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